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What is Scapholunate Dissociation?

Scapholunate dissociation is the abnormal orientation or movement of the small bones of your wrist: the scaphoid and lunate, in relation to one another.

Anatomy

The scaphoid and lunate are 2 of the 8 carpal bones in your wrist and are stabilised by a scapholunate interosseous ligament. They help to maintain wrist stability and movement.

Symptoms 

The symptoms include:

  • Pain at the radial (thumb) side of the wrist
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Numbness
  • Clicking sensation
  • Weakness of the wrist

Causes

Trauma to the hand and wrist or a fall on an outstretched hand can cause injury to the scapholunate interosseous ligament, resulting in dissociation of the scaphoid and lunate bones.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will assess your symptoms, take your medical history, and perform a physical exam. Imaging tests such as X-ray, MRI or CT-scan may be ordered.

Diagnosis is confirmed through evidence of the following:

  • Instability of the ligaments supporting the scaphoid and lunate bones
  • Widening of the joint space between the bones

Treatment 

Non-surgical Treatment

Your doctor will prescribe pain medicines as needed. Use of ice packs may be suggested to reduce inflammation. Other non-surgical treatment options include:

  • Massage therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Immobilisation with a splint or cast

Surgical Treatment

Surgery is recommended by your doctor if non-surgical treatment options are ineffective. This may be performed under general or local anaesthesia, and involves the following steps:

  • Your surgeon will make a few small incisions on the back of your wrist.
  • The scapholunate interosseous ligament and the bones are exposed.
  • Care is taken to prevent damage to the nerves.
  • Debridement, or cleaning out the damaged tissue, is performed by your surgeon.
  • K-wires are used to suture the separated ligament.
  • The incision is closed, and a bandage is applied.

Your wrist is supported by a cast for a few weeks. Your physiotherapist will teach you specific physical exercises to help you recover sooner. You should regularly follow up with your surgeon. You may return to normal activities after a few months with your surgeon’s approval.

  • NHS
  • The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
  • 
British Elbow & Shoulder Society
  • University of Warwick
  • Swor and D

Hospitals Attended

  • Stratford Hospital

    South Warwickshire
    NHS Foundation Trust
    Arden St, Stratford-upon-Avon,
    CV37 6NX
    Driving Directions


    Ext 4798
  • Nuffield Health
    Warwickshire Hospital

    The Chase, Old Milverton Lane
    Leamington Spa
    CV32 6RW
    Driving Directions


  • Warwick Hospital

    South Warwickshire
    NHS Foundation Trust
    Lakin Road, Warwick,
    CV34 5BW
    Driving Directions


    Ext 4798
  • The Grafton Suite,
    Building One

    Stratford Hospital, Arden Street
    Stratford-upon-Avon
    CV37 6NX
    Driving Directions


  • South Warwickshire NHS Foundation Trust
  • Nuffield Health
  • 
The Grafton Suite - South Warwickshire NHS Foundation Trust