The shoulder is considered one of the most mobile joints in the body, but a fall, accident, trauma or disease can cause pain, weakness, numbness, instability and sometimes disability. The first line of treatment for shoulder problems include rest, immobilisation, ice application, NSAIDs and steroid injections. When these conservative treatments do not relieve symptoms and in cases of severe injuries, your doctor will suggest surgical treatment.
Rehabilitation is a treatment method designed to facilitate recovery after a serious injury, illness or surgery. It is aimed at restoring the physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social function of the patient. Total joint rehabilitation is recommended following a total joint replacement surgery to enhance healing and return the patient to their prior level of functioning.
A rehabilitation programme often includes stretching and bending exercises, massage, stability exercises, physiotherapy, heat therapy and much more. Various techniques employed in a rehabilitation programme have a significance of their own in improving physical performance and restoring the patient to normal activities.
Pre-surgical rehabilitation or “prehab” is a preparative exercise programme prior to surgery that helps improve overall surgical outcomes. It helps with post-surgical pain management, minimising the hospital stay and decreasing complications associated with surgery. Prehab is common and necessary for orthopaedic patients undergoing joint replacement procedures.