What is AC Joint Separation?
Causes of AC Joint Separation
- A fall on the shoulder
- Lifting heavy objects
- A sports injury
- Repetitive overhead activity
Symptoms of AC Joint Separation
- Weakness in the arm or shoulder
- Loss of motion
Diagnosis of AC Joint Separation
Diagnosis can be made based on discussion of your symptoms and a physical examination of the shoulder. A shoulder X-ray may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis of AC joint separation.
Treatment for AC Joint Separation
Conservative treatment is usually effective, but in cases of a severely unstable joint, surgery is required. The treatment methods include:
- Medications: You will be provided with anti-inflammatory pain medications to reduce swelling.
- Rest: You will be instructed to avoid activities that provoke pain and to make use of a sling to immobilise your shoulder and arm.
- Ice: An ice pack can be applied for 15-20 minutes at a time to reduce swelling and pain.
- Physiotherapy: Specific exercises can be done to help strengthen the shoulder muscles.
Your doctor will make small incisions through which specialised instruments can be inserted to repair and reattach torn ligaments and stabilize the bones.